Domestic cold chain is still in "infancy"
In fact, about the defects of China cold chain industry, we can feel in everyday life . For example, supermarkets, fruit stalls, vegetable farms, and other places, at the end of the cold chain link. And most of the time, the cold chain logistics is not perfect in the "last kilometer". Sometimes we go to buy ice cream, after eating, we feel that the ice cream is frozen and refrozen, affecting the taste. We go to the supermarket to buy meat, pinch meat will feel soft, it seems not so well preserved.
In the B2B link, cold chain transportation is still guaranteed, but from the wholesale market to the retail market, it is sometimes not so reliable. Many supermarkets in China, including meat, vegetables, dairy products and ice cream in the brand supermarket, are mostly in the form of a normal temperature car and cotton quilt. After all, the temperature of this material can not see, from the temperature requirements to the various links, many businesses in the spirit of "save the province" concept.
Looking at the overall development of cold chain logistics, this phenomenon can not be completely blamed on the retailer. Compared with foreign countries, cold chain logistics still has a rising space in all aspects.
In the case of the United States, the cold chain logistics, in addition to the strict requirements for temperature, also has strict standards in time, and the automobile industry started early in the United States. In addition, the United States has a complete transport network, making the cold chain logistics more developed.
In the division of labor, the division of labor in the United States is very clear and clear, and each link is clear of its responsibilities. The transport party is only responsible for the confirmation of the driver, the warehousing party is only responsible for unloading the goods, and the maintenance company is only responsible for the repair. Though the division of labor is complicated and cumbersome, it has been accumulated for a long time, and the division of labor has been highly specialized. The quality, speed and technology have been improved rapidly, which improves the operability of the cold chain logistics.
From the technical level, the foreign cold chain logistics has advanced auxiliary equipment, such as the truck satellite positioning system, the remote control platform, the vehicle computer and so on. The transport efficiency of the cold chain is improved and the cost saving service is provided for the customers.
In order to ensure that the goods are in accordance with the regulations, the enterprise and the government usually maintain close contact with the relevant departments to provide the information of the producers and shippers. In the warehouse of some cold chain enterprises, there are customs offices authorized by the US Customs to check the import and export goods and the FDA (US Food and Drug Administration) Commissioner for on-site inspection of the goods, so as to ensure the quality and safety of the products.
In China, cold chain transportation is a "aristocratic mode of transportation", especially by air. But if you want to save time, you have to spend more, and air air has a high requirement for refrigeration and heat preservation. In the cold chain transportation industry, time is equal to everything, time is related to the principal's profit, the reputation of the transporter, and the safety of the consumer's consumption and use.
However, the cold chain market in China is still in the early stages of development. Many aspects are not perfect, and the high cost of air transportation is not expected by more people. The development of Chinese fresh industry is slow, to a great extent, it is restricted by cold chain transportation. High cost leads to lower income and hinders the speed of development.
The most important thing is that there is no unified standard in the cold chain market in China. The types of cold chain transportation in China are complex, which is an obstacle to the standard setting up of cold chain industry. In addition, there are great differences in the standardization of cold storage and vehicle, which makes the road of standardization difficult. In essence, the cold chain is achieved through intensive standardization and cost reduction so as to achieve profits. Therefore, the production, processing, packaging and policy of the front end enterprises need standardization and standardization.
In addition, the lack of talent is also a more serious problem. This is also a problem facing every industry in China. The inherent defects of the examination oriented education make the professional talents lack, especially the cold chain personnel. In addition to the master of the general logistics technology, cold chain personnel need to understand the refrigeration technology, food and medicine safety related knowledge and national laws and regulations.
With the start of the cold chain logistics industry in China, the enterprises are developing gradually, but it is still far from the specialization and standardization. The cold chain operation mode needs to be upgraded, the division of labor needs to be clear, and the relevant laws and regulations need to be further improved. The existence of space also means the existence of opportunities, as to how long it takes to truly achieve the quality improvement, it needs to be seen.